PhD, Purdue University
Philosophy and Literature
MA, University of Toledo
BA, Eastern Michigan University
Philosophy of Religion
Philosophies of Life
American philosophy, philosophy of religion, critical thinking, existentialism, animal ethics, and American literature.
Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy
Colloquium on Violence and Religion
William James Society
Iowa Philosophical Society
"Transactionism, Dominionism, and Moral Exceptionalism in Animal Ethics." Contemporary Pragmatism. 13:2 (2016)
"Self-Reliance, Plagiarism, and the Suicide of Imitation." Teaching American Literature. 8:1 (2015)
"Violence Hidden: The Unacknowledged Victims of Flesh-Eating Rituals." Contagion: Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture. Vol. 22 (2015).
"Beauty, Horror and Tragedy: The Idea of Hell in Jonathan Edwards and William James." Philosophy & Theology. 26:1 (2014).
"Last Call for William James: Pragmatism, Piper, and the Fruits of Psychical Research." The Pluralist. 7:1 (2012).
"The Moral Equivalent of Meat: A Vegetarian Challenge to the American Omnivore." Contemporary Pragmatism. 8:2 (2011).
"The First Church of Christ, Pragmatist: Christian Science and Responsible Optimism." Journal of Religion and Health. 50:3 (2011).
"Another View of Arthur Dimmesdale: A Profound Lesson in Scapegoating from The Scarlet Letter." Contagion: Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture. Vol. 18 (2011).
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