Ph.D., Purdue University
Philosophy and Literature
MA, University of Toledo
BA, Eastern Michigan University
Philosophy of Religion
History of American Philosophy
American philosophy, philosophy of religion, critical thinking, existentialism, and American Literature.
Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy (1998-present): Member of Program Committee, (2009); Coordinator for APA Central sessions, (2014-2017)
William James Society (2004-present)
Iowa Philosophical Society (2007-present): Host of the 2011 Meeting at St. Ambrose.
"Violence Hidden: The Unacknowledged Victims of Flesh-Eating Rituals." Contagion: Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture. Vol. 22 (2015).
"Beauty, Horror and Tragedy: The Idea of Hell in Jonathan Edwards and William James." Philosophy & Theology. 26:1 (2014).
"Last Call for William James: Pragmatism, Piper, and the Fruits of Psychical Research." The Pluralist. 7:1 (2012).
"The Moral Equivalent of Meat: A Vegetarian Challenge to the American Omnivore." Contemporary Pragmatism. 8:2 (2011).
"The First Church of Christ, Pragmatist: Christian Science and Responsible Optimism." Journal of Religion and Health. 50:3 (2011).
"Another View of Arthur Dimmesdale: A Profound Lesson in Scapegoating from The Scarlet Letter." Contagion: Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture. Vol. 18 (2011).
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